Slide #1 image
Slide #1 image
Slide #1 image



On - Farm Trials (2005-06 to 2009-10)


Front line demonstration (2005-06 to 2009-10)



This centre has conducted nearly 1027 of trainings covering 25660 trainees from all the sectors of people involved in agriculture Viz., Farmer, Farmwomen, Rural Youth, Extension functionaries of State department of Agriculture, horticulture, fisheries, animal husbandry, Agricultural Engineering, and Forestry. The training covers variety of topics dealing all the components of agriculture i.e. seed to seed, covering soil management, water management, crop management, plant protection, kitchen garden, horticultural nursery, vegetable and fruit production, value addition, food processing , marketing etc.

Abstract of trainings conducted from 2005-06 to 2009-10

Type of TrainingNo. of CoursesBeneficiaries
On Campus2214904
Off Campus2025395
Vocational Training1243506
Extension Personnel1021536
Sponsored Training26810297
On Payment Training1024

On-Campus, Off-Campus & Vocational Trainings


The centre has so far organized 124 vocational trainings covering nearly 3506 trainees on various topics viz., Mushroom production, Vermicompost production, Bee keeping, Horticultural nursery management, Value addition, livestock management. The trainings have shown positive feedback wherein trainees have turned into entrepreneurs.

Vocational Training Impact

Name of specific technology/skill transferredNo. of participants% of adoptionChange in income (Rs.)
Before (Rs./Unit)After (Rs./Unit)
1. Mushroom Production45560Not Aware90000-100000 per Year
2. Vermicompost28125Not Aware50000-70000 per Year
3. Food Processing12280Not Aware80000-100000 per Year
4. Kitchen/Nutritional Gardening95105000-6000 per Year20000 per Year

A. Mushroom Production

S.NoEntrepreneurs name and addressProduction CapacityIncome (Rs.)
5 cycle /year
1Dr. S. SundararajanBagavathsingh Road
Paramakudi. Ph. No.: 04564 222009
Size: 50 members of SHGs
30 to 40 kg / cycle24000
2Tmt. E. Ranithabethal
W/o. Edward
2/66 C, Thamizhar street
15-20 kg/ cycle10000

B. Vermi Compost Production

S.NoEntrepreneurs name and addressProduction Capacity (tons/cycle)Income (Rs.)
5 cycle /year
1Mr. A. Ramu,Usilanakottai, Thondi
Ramanathapuram. Ph.: 9865358642
2Mr. M. Abubakkar
Thondi - 623 409. Ph.: 9443204316
3Mr. K. Velu,1/1869 Police colony
Pattinamkathan Post, Ramanathapuram
4Dr. S. Sundararajan
Sri Meenakshi Educational and Development Organisation
3/622-A7, Bagavathsingh Road
Paramakudi. Ph. No.: 04564 222009
5Community Polytechnic, MSPC, Keelakarai,
Ramanathapuram. Ph. No.04567 244776
6Mrs. J. Jeshumari
Michael Pattinam Panchayet Chairman
Pampoor via Ramanathapuram District
7Sitho Najeema,Azagankulam
Ramnad (Dt.)
8P. Soundaravalli ,W/o Pandi
Valanondi, Paramakudi
9J. Meenammal,W/o Jayaraman
10N.Pathampiriyal,W/o Naganathan
Vaniyavallam, Nayinarkoil Block, Ramnad (Dt.)
11Abdul Nabik and Zahir Hussain
S/o Mahammed Ali,Perumkulam, Ramnad
Ramnad (Dt.)

Vermicompost Units of successful trainees
Mr. Radha Krishnan
Muthunal Village
Mr. Sandhiyagu
Muthupettai Village

C. Food Processing

Entrepreneurs name and addressItemsCapacityIncome /year (Rs.)
Tmt. E. Ranithabethal
W/o. Edward
2/66 C, Thamizhar street
Pickle450 to 500 bottles / month40000

D. Coir Compost producers

S.NoEntrepreneurs name and addressCapacityIncome (Rs.)
4 cycle /year
1Dr. Mohamed Gani,
Managudi, Pudumadam
Ph..263516, Cell.: 9443208350
10 tons/ cycle
300x10 = 3000x4
Own use & 12000
Ex. Union Panchayat Chairman
3-A, Durairaja Chatra Street
Cell.: 9443164041
10 tons/cycleOwn use & 12000
3Mr. M. Ganesan
7/269, West Street, Regunathapuram
Ph.: 253296
1 ton/ cycle
Own use & 12000

E. Horticulture

S.NoEntrepreneurs name and addressQuantity(Kg.)Income (Rs.) / year
1Bharakath Nisha
Self Help Group
Katoorani village
Ramanathapuram (Dist)
10 to 20 kg / week
(1 bundle Rs.4)
20160 / year


Case Study on Mushroom production

The Ayyanar trust was owned by Dr. Sundararajan and it was functioning from the past 5 years at Paramakudi. There were more than 25 SHGs by farm women are the permanent members of this trust. Based on the needs of the SHGs farm women and rural youth the training programmes were arranged. The vocational training programmes were arranged in different aspects like mushroom production, vermicompost preparation, food processing and Jatropha nursery management.

There were 21 trainees underwent training on mushroom production and food processing technologies. About 20 trainees attended vermicompost preparation and forty trainees participated in the Jatropha nursery management trainings through the Ayyanar Trust. Based on the constant motivation of the Krishi Vigyan Kendra vocational trainings on mushroom production, vermicompost and food processing were adopted in large scale with the financial assistance of NGOs.

The scientists of Krish Vigyan Kendra assisted the Self Help Groups to start the units and the advices are being given on production techniques and marketing aspects.

Mushroom Production

The Mushroom Production Unit was started by the SHGs of Ayyanar Trust in an area of 800 sq. ft. The capacity of the unit was 250 packets / cycle. The average production per week was 30-50 kg. They sold fresh mushroom @ Rs.75 - 100/kg. The mode of marketing is mainly direct sale in the unit itself, door delivery, sales at Ramanathapuram and at Uzhavar Sandhai as 100 gm and 200 gm packet at a cost of Rs.10 and Rs.20 respectively.

The trainees explained that the customers preferred to consume the mushroom since the recipe was given at the time of sale about mushoom briyani, kuruma, amlet, pickle, buggoda, bajji etc. Further they stated that even though the initial cost was high but the production was at satisfactory level. The income incurred was divided by the participants according to the benefit. And also they said that, due to this training programme only they were getting regular income, job opportunity, increase in home income. This facilitates them to admit their children in better schools, higher studies and enabled them to provide nutritional food.

Mushroom production and Value addition

Food Processing

One among the SHGs of Ayyanar Trust of Paramakudi block was doing Food Processing practices. In order to get higher price of the produce resource based value added trainings were being arranged for the trainees. In this training programme fruit based value addition practices like Jam, Jelly, Squash preparation, vegetable based value addition trainings such as pickle preparation, moringa vegetable powder preparation and Mushroom based value addition practices like mushroom soup, pickle, buggoda, curry , amlet briyani etc., Among these techniques one group of trainees started self employment activity on mushroom products preparation. The groups were led by the leaders by name Fathima Selvi and Kaleeswari. They started the stall at Uzhavar Sandhai. The stall was opened by 6.00 a.m in the morning every day. The people who were going for walking use the soup instead of coffee and tea. So the sales were finished before 9.00 a.m After 10.00 a.m they have started to sell mushroom curry. It will also get finished within 12.00 a.m. So, there will be a great demand for the mushroom products. Besides the mushroom products, fresh mushroom also being sold by them in Uzhavar Sandhai. They sell the mushroom soup at a cost of Rs.2/ cup. Totally 200-300 cups were sold/ day. Likewise the rate of mushroom curry was Rs. 35/cup. They spent around Rs. 70-100/ day for the ingredients to prepare both soup and curry . As a result they earned Rs. 250/day as a profit. So it will facilitate to earn approximately Rs. 12000/month. In addition to the income the vocational trainings pave way for the improvement of self personalities. The trainees said that the vocational training on mushroom production, Vermicompost preparation and Value added product preparation were highly helpful for their economic empowerment.

Case Study on Vermicompost -1

Name of the NGO	: Ayyanar Trust
Block  		: Paramakudi
District 	: Ramanathapuram  
Owner 		: SHG members of the Trust

The vocational training programmes were designed in such a way to develop income generation activities and to start self employment. A group of the Ayyanar trust started the vermicompost unit in an area of 850sq.ft. Which consists of 4 tanks with a capacity of 2.5ton manure per tank. So the ultimate production per cycle is 10ton.The manure was marketed as 50kg and 1kg packet. They sell the manure on demand basis only @ Rs.7000/ton. In addition to the sale, they also applied to their farm maintained by the trust. They stated that the application of vermicompost increase the moisture availability, increase in fruit size, taste and market price of the fruits of Guava,Sapota, Pomegranate, Amla and Mango. Thereby they can get better price in the market. Due to vermicompost preparation the trainees got good experience in practice and learn how to market it effectively. Now they are in opposition to explain the benefits of vermicompost application to the customers comparatively with other manures. As a net return they earn around 2.5 lakhs/year. This income improves their day to day livelihood status, nutritional behavior, social participation, decision making power, self confidence etc.,

Case study on vermicompost - 2

1. Name of the farmer	:	M. Abdul Nabik
2. Address		:	3/7, Quaid-E-Milleth street
				Perungulam - Post
				Mandapam block
				Ramanathapuram district - 623 536.

Th. M. Abdul Nabik S/o. Mohammed Ali aged 55 years residing at Perungulam village was known to the Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Coastal Saline Research Centre, Ramanathapuram for the past 3 years. He was holding 9 acres, cultivating Gingelly, Maize, Green Gram, Black gram, Groundnut, Watermelon (Hybrid), Coconut and Mango seedlings 175 nos, including all varieties.

The farmer is very progressive and Co-operative in nature. He was very much willing to accept to do all kinds of Research activities in his farm. He is very risk bearing nature. The FLD programmes on Green gram, Black gram, Groundnut, Gingelly and Maize were conducted. The OFT on Coconut under Integrated Nutrient Management were also carried out. The farmer was very keen to observe and follow the guidelines of the Scientists. The farmer was very much interested to gather the information and also frequently share the same with other farmers. He was very Cosmo politeness nature. Based on the performance of the farmer many developmental schemes appreciated his efficiency and voluntarily sanctioned the schemes. In such a way Department of Horticulture issued 157 mango seedlings under National Horticulture Mission scheme.

The farmer underwent the Vocational training at KVK, Ramanathapuram on vermi composting technologies. Then he started vermi compost production unit with a capacity of 500 tones/year. He got the financial aid from the Department of Horticulture under National Horticulture Mission with subsidy. The farmer was very innovative in nature. Because of his continuous effort he developed the fallow lands into productive one. He was very much interested in organic farming. From the total production, 70 percent of the compost was used for his own farming and remaining 30 percent was marketed to the farmers on low cost basis. He was also supplying his compost to the needed farmers and motivated the neighbor farmers viz. Seenithevar, Murugesh, Malik and others to use vermi compost to enhance the production and soil fertility.

He sent his vermi compost sample to the TNAU, Coimbatore to analyze the nutrient status. Based on the results he tried further to improve the nutrient content by adding Azophos, Rock phosphate and Kolinji.

During our documentation he stated that the vermi compost was highly suitable manure for coastal area to enhance the organic matter content of the soil. Due to application of vermi compost the yield was increased in Coconut as 25 nuts / tree/ harvest as against 10 nuts / tree. The size was also increased thereby lead to higher market price of Rs. 6/nut as against 3.50 / nut. The yield was also higher in other crops like, Groundnut, Green gram, Blackgram and Maize. Further, he stated that the crops remain greenish even during summer. Due to application of organic manure the soil fertility enhanced and yield almost doubled in all crops. In addition to this, he was planning to export the vermicompost to other states and countries. He got export license to Malaysia. Now he expanded an additional unit with the size of 76' x 16' and 60' X 20' the nearby farmers and villagers wondered and asked the farmer about the way of production methods. He used groundnut seed drill as per the instruction of KVK scientist. He realized the advantages of seed drill. The feedback of the farmer about the seed drill was that it was highly suitable for rainfed situation it saves time and overcomes labour constraint uniform germination and optimum plant population as compared to broadcasting of seeds.

Because of his concerted efforts, he was supplied with Mini mobile Sprinkler unit for Groundnut by the Coastal Saline Research Centre, Ramanathapuram under Part II Plan Scheme on free of cost as a demonstration unit. He told that the unit was very much helpful for the Groundnut cultivation. It facilitates the farmers to have a copious irrigation and continuous cropping which led him to earn additional income..

Hence the farmer Th. M. Abdul Nabik, Perungulam, Ramanathapuram was adjudged as a best farmer for southern region after analyzing his potentiality in farming by the TNAU and he was awarded with the Best farmer Award from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during the Farmer's day function for the year 2008-2009.

Success story on Coir pith compost preparation

Name of the farmer	: Th. S. Ganesan
Village			: Regunathapuram
Street			: Melatheru
Block			: Ramanathapuram 
District		: Ramanathapuram

Krishi Vigyan Kendra of Coastal Saline Research Centre, Ramanathapuram offering need based trainings to the farm women, farmers and unemployed rural youths. The training programmes are being publicised through mass media like All India Radio, local News paper etc., after seeing the advertisement, the farmer approached the scientists of KVK. Since he is a coconut grower he was interested to attend the coir pith compost preparation training. After attending the training programme he started to prepare the compost. Since he learned the advantages of coir pith compost application, he applied the compost to his farm instead inorganic fertilizers.

He stated that the application of coir compost enhances the soil fertility, inflorescence number, coconut size and moisture availability even during the summer months. Because of these qualities the coconut fetch higher market price i.e. Rs. 1.00 to 2.00/nut. While preparing compost he followed different methods to know the quality of the manure such as i) Manure preparation using salt water and good water ii) Manure preparation above the ground level and in the pit. From the aforesaid methods, he concludes that the duration was lesser in the preparation using good water i.e. it takes 45 days where as in the salt water it took six months.

The quality of the manure was high while preparing above the ground level, but it was low in the pit method. Due to this preparation he saved the cost of critical input. Because of this training he is earning Rs. 1000 - 1500 as additional income per month.


Sl.NoPaddy SeedsSeeds Sold (kg)
1RMD (R) 12670
2Asoka 200 F140
3Asoka 228340
4PMK 2 200
5PMK 3365
6ADT 431305
7PM Culture 145
8PM Culture 255
10Sun flower20
11Jatropha seedlings45000
12Neem seedlings 87405
13Neem plants 29000
14Tree seedlings 250
15Brinjal seedlings 80000
16Vermicompost 444000
17Earthworm 104