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TitleSoil Breeding
BackgroundMr. K.Zahir Hussain
2/ 186 Thinai Kulam ( Post)
Ramanathapuram- 623 532
Tamil Nadu
Mobile Number : 09442043743

Ramanathapuram is one of the coastal districts of Tamil Nadu having a sea coast extending to nearly 260 kms. The mean annual rainfall of the district is 850 mm and nearly 60% of the rainfall is received from NEM. The soil type of this district is widely varying with soils containing more of clay to sandy soils with a top sandy layer of 30 to 50 cm over a hard clay pan. The pH of soil ranges from 8.1 to 8.6 and the EC is more than 3.0 dSmm -1 in most of the area. Sandy soils occur in the coastal stretch of Kadaladi, R.S.Mangalam, Mandapam, Ramanathapuram, Thirupullani and Thiruvadanai blocks of the district. The permeability rate of the sandy soil is upto 5 cm/hour and therefore, water availability to the crop cultivation in the coastal areas is very less. The fertility status of the soil showed that nitrogen and phosphorus status is low in all blocks. Micronutrient deficiency owing to its lower organic matter content and low cation exchange capacity is also very common.

The poor fertility status of soil combined with uneven and erratic distribution of the rainfall has resulted in poor crop success rate in the coastal belt of the district. Hence to make agriculture viable in this area and to sustain the farming families with good and assured returns, soil breeding and water management strategies introduced for sustainable agriculture.

He used to cultivate ground nut every year in 1 ha in Thirupullani block of Ramanathapuram district during November – February as a rain fed crop. The soil type of this land is sandy in nature and the fertility status (both major and minor nutrients) of the soil is also poor. The water holding capacity of the soil is also very poor due to its high permeability. Generally he got 750 kg of ground nut only from one ha.

InterventionsTo maximize the yield and to improve the soil fertility he applied Tank silt @ 250 tonnes / ha which is available in abundant ( in small tanks in my village ) and free of cost was done in his field during October ,2012. The Ground nut variety TMV 7 was sown during 3 rd week of November, 2012. As per the guidance of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ramanathapuram the above said strategies were implemented. . The crop was irrigated judiciously which available in the shallow ring well by using Mini Portable Sprinkler at Critical Stages of Crop growth. The recommended fertilizers are applied at the appropriate time. After 100 days he harvested the groundnut.
ProcessSoil Breeding
Technology Soil Breeding ,Demonstration of Ground nut variety TMV 7 & Mini portable sprinkler

After seeing the impact Through KVK, Ramanathapuram his success story was recorded and telecasted in Times Now Channel, Mumbai (CD Enclosed)

His success story was also recorded in All India Radio, Madurai on 22.05.13 ( Proof Enclosed)

He received Recognition Certificate for the Excellence work in Soil and Water Conservation by Farmers First for Conserving Soil and Water Resources In Southern Region (FFCSWR – 2013) during 14-16 th March, 2013.

I have received Best Farmer Award from Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ramanathapuram during Scientific Advisory Committee meeting during 2012.

He has been nominated by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ramanathapuram to represent Ramanathapuram district in Scientific Workers Congress Organized by TNAU, Coimbatore.

Economic gains He got 1875 kg from one ha which is 2.5 times higher than my previous yield. He sold ground nut @ Rs.50 /kg. he got Rs.97500 as Gross Return. Previously he got Rs.37, 500 as gross income only. Since the protein content of ground nut leaves are he used to feed the dried leaves to his goat farm.

Mr.Zahir Hussain, Thenai kulam – MPS usage at groundnut field

Groundnut harvesting

Mr.Zahir Hussain, Thenai kulam – with harvested groundnut

Harvested Groundnut