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The Krishi Vigyan Kendra of Coastal Saline Research Centre, Ramanathapuram is conducting training programmes in various ways. That is On-campus, Off campus and Vocational training programmes. The details of the training programmes are disseminated to the farming community through mass media and village meetings. The interested farmers will approach the centre and get benefit out of it. In such a way one farm Woman whose name is Inul Ariba. She lived in the Syed Thahib Tharga Street of Ramnad. She is living with her husband and children. She is 32 years old, studied upto +2.

The farm women approached the centre after listening the announcements through All India Radio. She had attended the vocational training programmes for about 5 days. Among the vocational trainings, Mushroom cultivation techniques was attracted by her. Soon after attending the training she had adopted the technology. Initially she practiced in limited number of beds and used for home purpose alone. But later she extended to large scale. Now she is supplying to the nearby villagers. Since she is a leader of the Self Help Group, she encouraged other members of her group and mobilized these to do the same activity so as to increase their home economy. She also advised her neighbours and relatives to cultivate the mushroom. Now she is the leading entrepreneur of her village. She also attended the training on value added products of mushroom. It helps her to prepare newer receipt at home which was appreciated by her family members. She said initially the family members hesitated to eat and not knowing the nutritional value of the mushroom food. But later, her efforts totally change their mind towards the consumption of mushroom products. Par that she told that the mushroom production training paves the way for self employment and to earn money which supports for the educational activities of the children. She is selling 100 gm packet @ Rs. 10/-.

The unique qualities of the farm women gained in the training programmes are

1. Voluntary participation in the developmental activities
2. Self confidence

Case study on Mushroom Production

Mrs. Shanthi w/o Ganeshan aged 40 years educated upto SSLC. She is living in the village Thangachimadam of Rameshwaram taluk. She is living with her husband and two children. She is cultivating coconut trees in 2 acres. The farm women desired to start a business in addition with Agriculture. After seeing the advertisements in the newspapers, she approached the KVK, Coastal Saline Research Centre, Ramanathapuram. She had attended the Vocational training on Mushroom production. Soon after completing the training she started mushroom production unit in an area of 2 cents. Since she was the progressive and risk oriented person she encouraged and advised the villagers to consume mushroom and explained the nutritive value of the food. She involved the villagers, Self Help Group members slowly to start mushroom production though they refused to do initially. Later with the support of the family and villagers she produced 1800 kgs / year. She cultivated both button and Oyster Mushroom. She had given publicity through tit bits and exported the products to Bangalore, Madurai and surrounding villages.

Further, she stated to expand the cultivation unit in such a way to offer job opportunity for her villagers. Now she has got total gross income of Rs. 90,000/ year. The economics worked out for the mushroom production is as follows.

Economics for Mushroom production

aFixed Cost
1Mushroom shed Rs. 30,000.00
Sprayer, irrigation pipes, straw cutting machine, ultra lamp and Auto clave Rs. 12,200.00
Depreciation 2% and Interest at 12% for one year (Item No.1)Rs. 1,400.00
Depreciation at 5% and interest at 12% for one year (Item No.2)Rs. 414.80
Total for Item No. 1 and 2Rs. 1814.80
bVariable Cost
1Spawn bottle @ of Rs. 15/bottle ( 1200 bottles / 8 cycle / one year Rs. 18,000.00
2Straw 3600 kg for 1200 beds @ 3 kg/bed / Rs. 2 / kgRs. 7,200.00
3Polythene cover 25 kg @ Rs. 80/kgRs. 2,000.00
4Labour charges 60 man days (Rs. 60 / day)Rs. 3,600.00
5Electricity charges Rs. 600.00
6Marketing expenses Rs. 80 / kgRs. 1,440.00
7Total cost of production / year (32,840 + 1,814.80)Rs. 34,654.80
cCost & Returns
1Variable cost Rs. / yearRs. 32,840.00
2Fixed cost Rs. / year Rs. 1,814.80
3Total cost Rs. / year Rs. 34,654.80
4Yield kg / year Rs. 1,800.00
5Cost of production / kgRs. 19.25
6Market price / kgRs. 50.00
7Gross income Rs. / year Rs. 90,000.00
8Profit / year (Rs., 90,000 - 34,654.80)Rs. 55,345.20
9Profit / kgRs. 30.74
10B:C ratio1:1.60